Tropical fish Identification Pictures

Asia Pacific Initiative » Fish Identification:Individual Species

(Source: PADI, Adventures in Diving Manual) 1 Butterflyfish, angelfish, surgeonfish チョウチョウウオ、キンチャクダイ、ニザダイ 2 Jacks, barracuda, porgy, chubs アジ、オニカマス、タイ、イスズミ 3 Snappers, grunts フエダイ、イサキ 4 Damselfish, hamlets スズメダイ、クマノミ 5 Groupers, seabass, basslets ハタ、スズキ、ハナダイ 6 Parrotfish, wrasse ブダイ、ベラ 7 Squirrelfish, bigeyes, cardinalfish キンメダイ、キントキダイ、テンジクダイ 8 Blennies, gobies, jawfish ギンポ、ハゼ、アゴアマダイ 9 Flounders, scorpionfish, lizardfish, frogfish ダルマカレイ、カサゴ、エソ、イザリウオ 10 Filefish, triggerfish, puffers, trunkfish, cowfish, goatfish, trumpetfish カワハギ、モンガラカワハギ、フグ、ハコフグ、ウミスズメ、ヒメジ、ヤガラ 11 Eels ウツボ 12 Sharks, rays サメ、エイ
  • “When surveying fish in temperate or tropical waters, you can easily group most fish into one of 12 groups, each of which represents several families.” (PADI, Adventures in Diving Manual, p.26)
  • “Scientific name is composed of two parts. The first part is the genus or generic name and the second is the species or specific name.
  • Related genera (plural of genus) (属)are grouped together in a family (科), whose spelling always ends in ?dae. the 35 orders of fishes whose spelling always ends in ?iformes (目).
  • The highest rungs on the ladder of classification pertain to class and phylum.” (Alllen, p.18)
  • Butterflyfish have thin, oval or disk shaped bodies.
  • Typically have bright colors and patterns.
  • They have long snouts to feed from crevices.

“Renowned for their exquisite color patterns and graceful appearance. They are perhaps the best known of all reef fishes. Many of the species feed partly or exclusively on live corals. They are often seen in pairs, which scientific studies have revealed are permanent lifetime bonds.“ (Allen & Steene, p.259)


  • Surgeonfish usually have solid color.
  • They have spines sticking out from each side of their body near the tail.
    They each algae.

“Often seen in schools, sometimes containing several species. They graze on the filamentous algal that covers the reef.“ (Allen & Steene, p.259)


  • Jacks are large silver fish.
  • They are seen in open water at the reef edge.
  • Snapper and grunts have tapered bodies and heads that slope toward the mouth.

“Snappers live well below the depth penetrated by most recreational anglers. … Fishers utilise extraordinary length of monofilament handline, weighted with rocks. Depth between 50 and 100 metres are routinely fished.” (Allen, p.126)

“Grunts: most members of this family are found in reefs. Young grunts feed on zooplankton; whereas adults eat a variety of benthic invertebrates.” (Allen, p.128)

  • Squirrelfish have a dorsal fin looking like a squirrel’s tail.
  • They are reddish, often with visible stripes.

“They are characterized by rough scales, prominent fin spines, a large eye, and red coloration.” ((Allen, p. 66)

  • Bigeyes come with much larger eyes.
  • They have deep red color, without stripes.
  • They often hide in cracks during the day, feeding only during the night.

Just wanted to say that I enjoy all your posts

by 3DayEventer

Reading celebrity gossip is my guilty pleasure... lol.
Are you guys (who post pictures) the photographers, or do you find them on other sites to post here?
Saw Sinbad today, at a tropical fish store in Chatsworth. He'll be back there on Saturday to drop off his 9ft boa that they are going to sell for him. Couldn't figure out why he looked so familiar, so I said "You look so familiar..." and he replied that it's because he's always in the store. Then someone called his name from the back of the store and he laughed and said "Or maybe you've seen me somewhere else" Ha! I felt like an idiot, but at least I wasn't gushing at him or something equally annoying; we just talked snakes & reptiles while they finished my sale & his paperwork about the snake

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