AC Tropical fish Pictures Aquarium

Better Aquarium Pictures

This article focuses on fish photographing, but a lot of the suggestions are great for all sorts of aquarium photographing, regardless of whether your want to capture the lush growth of plant aquarium, your cute water frogs or the weird and wonderful creatures that inhabit the live rocks in a marine set up.

Keep the glass clean and scratch-free

Dirty and scratched aquarium glass can have a huge impact on your pictures and should therefore be avoided. Acrylic glass is more prone to scratching and must be handled with special care. If there are only a few scratches, simply wait until you can capture the fish from a suitable scratch-free angel. If the aquarium is heavily scratched, you may want to consider setting up a separate (glass) aquarium and use this for photo sessions.

Even if your aquarium looks 100% clean to the human eye, the camera can be able to capture ugly dirt, slime, greasy fingerprints etcetera that will show up on the picture. The added light sources will also make dust and dirt appear in a completely new way. Always clean the glass thoroughly before a photo session. Don’t forget to clean the outside as well as the inside. Never use toxic cleaners or items that may cause scratches.

Aquarium dimensions

Aquarium dimensions are important and must be taken into consideration when you plan your photo shoot. It is hard for light to penetrate water, and an exceptionally deep, wide or tall aquarium can therefore require additional light. This will naturally depend on which angle you choose to photograph your fish from. Major water changes and a debris-free environment will help the light to penetrate somewhat deeper.

Use happy and healthy models

Happy and healthy models are a necessity, unless you are taking pictures for an article about fish disease. When a fish is stressed, e.g. due to illness, it will usually dampen its coloration, clamp its fins and look listless. It is common for diseased fish to hide away or rest at the bottom. Also keep in mind that a good camera is very unforgiving and can highlight health problems that are easy to miss for the human eye. Early stages of Ich can for instance be clearly visible in a picture, even though you did not notice it when you were taking the pictures. Health is not merely the absence of parasite, bacteria or virus attacks – a healthy fish is a fish that likes its environment and feels good in the aquarium. A barren aquarium without any hiding spots, unsuitable water parameters, bullying tank mates, or being moved to a new aquarium are just a few examples of factors that can cause ill health in fish and make them less suitable for aquarium photography.

Take advantage of the spawning period

In many species, the fish will display especially beautiful colours during the breeding period. This behaviour is especially common among males. The breeding period can also cause the fish to flaunt its finnage and carry out a wide range of other beautiful behaviours that will look really good on picture.

Make a large water change

A large water change will bring out the colours in many fish species. You should however keep in mind that some fishes dislike sudden changes and a large water change can cause such species to dampen their colouration.

Most freshwater fish sold for aquaria are

by ibbica

*tropical* freshwater fish, so yes they need a heater to be happy.
Minnows are coldwater fish, mollies and dojo loaches are somewhat flexible in their temperature requirments, and neon tetras are tropical fish. Not really a tank I'd set up myself, as it's impossible to maintain the 'ideal' conditions for each species.
I'd suggest looking up the optimum conditions for each of your species, and probably split them into at least 2 separate tanks. Note that 'optimum' isn't the same as 'survivable'.

If nitrates are high, yes live

by ibbica

Plants should help. They don't work instantaneously, though...
Goldfish are very different from other freshwater fish, they need colder water (higher O2 content) and are FILTHY creatures (need lots of plants or other filtration).
pH going crazy stinks. Did you check your source (tap? well? rain?) water at all?
Brand new gravel may cause problems, if the beneficial (ammonia-eating and/or nitrite-eating) bacteria were living on the 'old' substrate.
What sort of filtration system do you use? Mechanical (sponge) or chemical (charcoal or other)?
Most plecos are tropical species, whereas goldfish are coldwater species. Temperature inconsistencies could cause problems as well.

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