Colorful tropical fish - Discus

Understanding Discus Care Requirements

They are also considered one of the highly sought after aquarium community fish as they will get along fine not only with the other Amazonian species but also with some other non-native fish as well. Most hobbyists that I’ve known loved them and at one time or another have kept them before as pets. And even though with their demanding nature that could easily frustrate most people, this doesn’t stop hobbyist from giving up their venture and until today still maintains wide interest in having the fish. Keeping discus as pets in the home aquarium tank can be very demanding and often challenging because they are not considered as the type of fish that allows mistakes to be made. In other words, they demand perfection, and that is in terms of water quality, foods and living environment. With the fussy requirements, this could easily frustrate most people but once you have grasped the basic understanding about the fish, things might not be as bad as it seems. Let’s look at all the factors involved and how we can effectively deal with them as an aquarist.

Requirement #1: Water Quality
Discus fish are known to have the least tolerance when it comes to high ammonia and nitrite levels. While some other fish species can live in partially cycled tank having water quality with nitrite measuring up to 0.5ppm, putting discus into the same water condition could easily spell disaster as prolonged exposure will cause them to exhibit clamped fins, blurred out body color, remain idle stationary at same spot with front head tilting down and also total loss of appetites. Thus, what all these mean is that you can only put them in after the water condition has already stabilized with ammonia at zero (no compromise on this critical parameter) and nitrite level lower than 0.3ppm. While high nitrate can have less detrimental effect and with some discus breed showing more tolerance, it is still recommended to keep this parameter as low as possible, preferably below 5ppm. In order to achieve this, strict rule of thumb is only to add in your discus after the aquarium has fully undergone the final stage of the nitrogen cycle and at least 2 days prior to adding your fish, do a last and final confirmation check on all the water parameters to make sure that everything is okay. You might be asking yourself on whether it is necessary to take such an extreme and over-sensitive precaution, the question is best left for yourself to answer. After all, this pet doesn’t come cheap as a mature discus pair can easily fetch few thousands for the high quality exotic breeds.

Temperature and pH are the next two most important water parameters to watch out. While most hobbyists prefer maintaining close to neutral pH, some desirable effects are actually seen when the shift is slightly towards more acidic around 6.5 to 6.8 which is the condition most favorable to them. Certain aquarist might have different opinions as some prefer going as low as 6.2 but that is not really necessary as most (almost 99%) of the discus fish available today seen in pet shops and home aquariums are all domestic bred in fish tanks. For water temperature, in the past when the first wild caught discus fish were kept in tanks, they require at least 32degC in order to survive. During that period, aquarist has to incur high maintenance cost as they need to use heater all the time to maintain the right temperature and because of this requirement, a lot of people had been complaining about how hard it is to care for them. Certain people who can't afford a heater have to resort to having a lamp lit under the tank but all these were things in the past. The modern day discus that you see today is already highly adaptive to our natural living environment and room temperature condition but their tolerance limit is only as low as 27degC and preferably not lower than that. Else water temperature that is too low will increase their susceptibility to different types of disease and your fish will end up sick all the time. Thus, extreme care has to be taken to constantly monitor the temperature so that it doesn’t drop below the range and if possible, create a buffering capacity in order to maintain the right pH as well.

discus fish
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Go Tropical

by AnitaMoCompost

Yes , some , not too many, Bamboo species can be grown successfully indoors.
Your biggest problem with bamboo grown inside is the rapid rate that is dessicates.
Check out the site for a complete list of bamboos that thrive in the indoors.
Another suggestion is to go Tropical.
Nothing says 'pour me another pina colada' than a nice palm tree underplanted with colorful bromeliads and orchids.
Depending on your light situation there are plenty of cool palms to choose from .
Form the wide canopy of a kentia to the narrow head spread of a fish tail palm

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