Best Tropical Fish 5 Gallon Tank

Setting up a Tropical Fish Tank

Before you think about buying fish (fish availability list) you need to consider what size of tank you are going to have & where you are going to site it. The tank will be extremely heavy when it is full of water so it needs to be sited on a perfectly flat surface or it will crack. It is best to buy a ready made stand that will fit your tank; you may also consider getting one that is a cabinet so that you can store your fish keeping equipment within easy reach. The tank needs to be sited away from direct sunlight, which will cause temperature fluctuations & algal growth, & heat sources such as radiators. The size of the tank determines the number & the type of fish you can keep. The general rule for stocking tropical fish is 2.5cm (1”) of fish per 4.5 litres (1 gallon) of water for an immature tank of less than 6 months old rising to double this for a mature tank. Small tanks holding 45 litres / 10 gallons or less are better for small, less active fish such as neon tetras or Siamese fighting fish. A medium size tank holding 90-150 litres / 20-30 gallons is suitable for small, more active fish such as danio, dwarf catfish & angelfish. mollies, swordtails or rainbow fish.

I would advise reading around a bit first so that you can plan exactly what sort of tropical fish you can house for the size of tank you can accommodate. You also need to know whether the fish you like have similar requirements & are going to get on with each other. Once you have decided on the fish & the tank you can look at the equipment you will need & how much it costs; there is a huge range to choose from so you need to narrow it down according to the job it needs to do in your tank & how much you can afford. You will need filtration, aeration & heating equipment, lighting to show off your fish & tank decoration including substrate, rocks or bogwood & plants.

Once you have all your equipment together, setting up your aquarium is easy. First give all the equipment & the tank a good clean & rinse your gravel through several times. Place your stand in its final position, making sure it is stable, and then place your tank on the stand. Ensure that there is solid contact between the tank and the stand as uneven surfaces can break or crack your fish tank. If you have decided to use an under gravel filter place it in the empty tank & fit the lift tube(s), a small tank with a power head to run the filter will probably only need one lift tube but if you use an air pump you will probably need two. Fit your power head if you are using one & check that the tank lid will fit on when it is in place, you may need to cut the airlift tube down to size. If you are using an air pump, connect your air stone to the pump using a length of airline fed through the lift tube top and lower the air stone down the airlift tube. The air pump will ideally need to be sited above the water level, because water can drain back out through the air tube if the power goes off, damaging the pump & possibly reaching the electricity supply. You can put a check valve in the air line to help prevent this.


Doubt he's lonely

by Cashsmom_2008

Male bettas are solitary fish. If you do feel he needs tankmates, make sure you stick with non-aggressive, short-finned community fish like mollies and some tetras. Usually in the pet stores, they'll be labeled "tropical community," but make sure you consult with the fish people before purchasing any fish. They'll know the best matches. Also, having more than just the betta in a 5 gallon is pushing it a little as far as concentration of fish. Most fish that would be good with a betta are schooling fish, meaning they like to be in groups of four or more...

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